Until November 23rd at around 15h, the Sun having passed through the constellation of Libra, enters
Scorpius for just over a week, and enters the neighbouring constellation of Ophiuchus on the 30th at 10h.
The Moon is at apogee, its furthest from the Earth, at 08h00 on the 7th, when its diameter is 30 minutes of arc. Perigee (nearest to the Earth) occurs on the 23rd at 07h00, diameter 32.5 minutes
of arc. First Quarter at 10h24 occurs on the 4th in central Capricornus.
Full Moon is on the 12th at 13h35 on the Aries/Taurus border. It is a very high
Full Moon as it crosses the meridian, around midnight.
Last Quarter is at 21h12 on the 19th, in the constellation of Leo, three degrees above Regulus.
The New Moon in November occurs on the 26th at 15h06 and is in the constellation of Scorpius, passing 2° north (above) the Sun.
You may be able to glimpse Earthshine
on the night hemisphere of the waning crescent Moon from the 20th to the 25th, and on the waxing crescent during the first couple of days and the last four days of November.
Mercury is at inferior conjunction with the Sun on November 11th at 15h. A transit of Mercury takes place, beginning at 12h36 and ending at 18h03. The transit is visible in its entirety from almost
all of Antarctica, the whole of South America, the Caribbean Islands, the southeastern USA, eastern Canada and the southern tip of Greenland. Western Europe, the Middle East and Africa is the area where the Sun sets with the transit still in progress.
The rest of Canada and most of the USA and the Pacific Ocean is the area where the transit is in progress at sunrise until its end.
Unfortunately, most of Asia, the East Indies
and Australia miss out on the transit because the Sun is below the horizon for the duration.
For your local area, add your time zone to the UT given for the start and finish of the transit if you are east of Greenwich;
and if you are west of Greenwich, deduct your time zone from the times given. Refer to the diagram on the front page of these Sky Notes. Under no circumstances should you observe the Sun through any optical instrument. In order to see Mercury’s tiny
disc, you will need to project the image of the Sun onto a sheet of paper, as per the instructions concerning solar observations on the front page.
After this, Mercury returns into the morning sky and reaches its
greatest elongation west of the Sun (20°) on the 28th, when it may be seen some 10° above the SE horizon at around 07h at the end of the month. The fainter star-like object some 9° to the upper right of Mercury is the planet Mars.
During November, Venus slowly emerges from the vicinity of the Sun, when on the first of November it sets an hour after the Sun, increasing to two hours at the end of the month. Venus becomes the resplendent
‘Hesperus’ the ‘Evening Star’ of the ancients.
On the 24th Venus and Jupiter are in conjunction, with a separation of just over 1 degree (three moon-widths) in western Sagittarius.
Venus is the brighter of the two and lies south of Jupiter; they will look spectacular in the field of view of a small telescope or binoculars at around 16h in the evening twilight. On the evening of the 28th, (16h) the thin waxing crescent Moon
joins the planetary company in the twilight and lies between the two planets. All three are parallel with the SW horizon, with Jupiter 2.5° to the west of the Moon and Venus just less than 2° east of the Moon. The view will be enhanced by the presence
of earthshine on the night side of the waxing crescent.
Mars, in Virgo, is a morning object shining at visual magnitude +1.7, not quite as bright as Spica (alpha Virginis), which lies 12° to
the upper right of Mars. The colour contrast between the two is noticeable – Spica shining with a bluish white light and Mars being decidedly reddish. Throughout the month, Mars rises a couple of hours before the sun. (two hours at the start and three
at the end). On the morning of the 24th the thin waning crescent Moon is in conjunction with Mars – the two lying 4° apart, with Mars below the Moon.
At the start of November Jupiter
sets two hours after the Sun, reducing to one hour by the end of the month. It is therefore an early evening object visible low in the SW in the evening twilight. This is the last chance to observe the Galilean satellites before the Jovian system becomes engulfed
by the glare of the Sun as the year comes to its end. Refer to the entry for Venus for phenomena involving Jupiter.
During November, Saturn sets about three hours after the Sun. It lies at a low
altitude in Sagittarius, lying some 20° to the east of Jupiter and Venus, low in the SW sky at around 19h. The waxing crescent Moon may be seen approaching Saturn on the 1st, when at 18h the Moon is 7° to the lower right. The next night
(2nd) the wider crescent may be seen 5° to the left of the ringed planet. Saturn currently shines at magnitude +1.2.
Uranus, is visible most of the night near the intersection of
the borders between Aries/Cetus/Pisces.It is currently in Aries, some 10° south of Hamal(alpha Arietis). For an accurate position of Uranus go to the Remote Planets page accessible from the Menu above. Although the planet’s magnitude is +5.7, and
is theoretically visible to the unaided eye, it is far better to locate it using binoculars or a small telescope. Through a telescope the planet presents a tiny greenish-blue disc 3.7 seconds of arc in diameter.
lies in the constellation of Aquarius with a visual magnitude of 7.9 and so requires binoculars or a telscope. With adequate magnification, it is possible to see this distant world as a tiny bluish grey disc. The angular diameter of the planet is just 2.3
seconds of arc. By the end of November, Neptune sets at astronomical midnight. Again, in order to locate Neptune, you are encouraged to visit the ‘Remote Planet’ page via the Menu.
There are two interesting
meteor showers this month, the first of these is the Taurid meteor shower consisting of slow moving shooting stars associated with Encke’s comet and peaking overnight on the 5th/6thand again overnight on the 12th
to the 13th. The Taurid shower is noted for producing bright slow moving events.
The Leonid shower peaks on the 18th at 23h, and so will be best seen in the hours before dawn
on the 19th. Expect to see about 35 meteors an hour if conditions are favourable.. The next Leonid ‘storm’ is due to take place towards the end of the 2020’s. The parent body of this shower is comet Temple-Tuttle, which visits
the earth about every 33 years.
Constellations visible in the south around midnight, mid-month, are as follows: Eridanus, and the Pleiades in Taurus. Perseus is at the zenith embedded in a rich star field –
take a look through binoculars and see!
All times are GMT 1° is one finger width at arm’s length.
The phenomena of the month : November 2019
Times are given in UT for SCARBOROUGH (0° 25' 0" W, 54° 16' 3" N, zone UT).
Date Hour Description of the phenomenon
yyyy mm dd hh:mm
2019 11 01 17:29 Beginning of occultation
of 24 Sgr (magn. = 5.49)
2019 11 01 18:32 End of occultation of 24 Sgr (magn. = 5.49)
2019 11 01 19:21 Close encounter between the Moon and M 22 (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 0.0°)
2019 11 02 18:18 Close encounter between the
Moon and Pluto (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 1.2°)
2019 11 04 10:23 FIRST QUARTER OF THE MOON
2019 11 07 08:37 Moon at apogee (geocentric dist. = 405058 km)
2019 11 09 00:42 Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei
09 23:59 Close encounter between Venus and Antares (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 3.9°)
2019 11 10 09:20 Close encounter between Mars and Spica (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 2.8°)
2019 11 11 01:19 Maximum of the variable star
2019 11 11 15:22 INFERIOR CONJUNCTION and TRANSIT of Mercury in front of the Sun (geoc. dist. centre to centre = 0.0°)
2019 11 11 15:45 Opposition of the asteroid 675 Ludmilla with the Sun (dist. to the Sun = 2.217 AU; magn. = 10.5)
2019 11 11 21:30 Minimum of the variable star beta Lyrae
2019 11 12 05:08 Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)
2019 11 12 10:25 Opposition of the asteroid 4 Vesta with the Sun (dist. to the Sun = 2.547 AU; magn. = 6.5)
12 13:34 FULL MOON
2019 11 12 18:32 Meteor shower : N. Taurids (5 meteors/hour at zenith; duration = 51.0 days)
2019 11 14 04:17 Close encounter between the Moon and Aldebaran (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 2.5°)
2019 11 15 01:57
Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)
2019 11 15 20:08 Close encounter between the Moon and M 35 (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 2.3°)
2019 11 16 01:33 Beginning of occultation of 13-mu Gem (magn. = 2.87)
2019 11 16 02:49
End of occultation of 13-mu Gem (magn. = 2.87)
2019 11 16 06:00 Mercury at its perihelion (distance to the Sun = 0.30749 AU)
2019 11 16 16:32 Simultaneous transits on Jupiter : two satellites and shadow of one satellite.
2019 11 17 22:46 Minimum
of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)
2019 11 18 00:11 Meteor shower : Leonids (15 meteors/hour at zenith; duration = 24.0 days)
2019 11 19 18:18 Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei
2019 11 19 21:11 LAST QUARTER OF THE MOON
11 20 00:03 Close encounter between the Moon and Regulus (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 3.0°)
2019 11 20 19:35 Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)
2019 11 21 04:55 Maximum of the variable star zeta Gemini
2019 11 22 00:40
Meteor shower : Alpha Monocerotids (duration = 10.0 days)
2019 11 23 07:54 Moon at perigee (geocentric dist. = 366716 km)
2019 11 23 16:24 Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)
2019 11 24 12:29 Close encounter between Venus and Jupiter
(topocentric dist. centre to centre = 1.4°)
2019 11 24 20:06 Minimum of the variable star beta Lyrae
2019 11 25 03:05 Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei
2019 11 26 15:06 NEW MOON
2019 11 26 20:36 Opposition of the asteroid 10
Hygiea with the Sun (dist. to the Sun = 3.497 AU; magn. = 10.3)
2019 11 26 23:27 Close encounter between Venus and M 8 (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 0.4°)
2019 11 27 23:52 Maximum of the variable star Mira (omicron Ceti)
28 10:32 End of occultation of Jupiter (magn. = -1.84)
2019 11 28 12:00 GREATEST WESTERN ELONGATION of Mercury (19.9°)
2019 11 28 18:00 Venus at its aphelion (distance to the Sun = 0.72820 AU)
Generated using COELIX software