Please click on the Chart to enlarge.

The chart shows the whole sky, at the times given at the top left of the chart.
The edge of the chart is the HORIZON, and the ZENITH is at the centre.


This chart is for LATITUDE 54 degrees NORTH, and is produced using 'PLANETARIUM GOLD' software.

NOVEMBER, 2018.

Until November 22nd at around 22h, the Sun having passed through the constellation of Libra, enters Scorpius for just over a week, and enters the neighbouring constellation of Ophiuchus on the 29th at 22h.


The Moon
The Moon is at apogee, its furthest from the earth, at 15h00 on the 14th, when its diameter is 29.4 minutes of arc. Perigee (nearest to the Earth) occurs on the 26th at 12h00, diameter 23 minutes of arc.

The New Moon in November occurs on the 7th at 16h03 and is in the constellation of Libra, passing 4° north (above) the Sun.

First Quarter at 14h55, occurs on the 15th in Capricornus near the star Deneb Algedi ("The tail of the Goat", delta Capricornii), and 6°to the west of Mars.

Full Moon is on the 23rd at 05h40 in the constellation of Taurus, 9° to the lower left of The Pleiades cluster (seven sisters). It is a very high Full Moon as it crosses the meridian, around midnight.

Last Quarter is at 00h20 on the 30th, in the constellation of Leo.

You may be able to glimpse Earthshine on the night hemisphere of the waning crescent Moon during the first week of November, and on the waxing crescent from the 8th to the 14th.

The Planets
Mercury is at its greatest elongation east of the Sun (23°) on the 6th, but is at a very low declination and is not likely to be seen in the evening twilight because the planet sets only 40 mins after the Sun. Mercury reaches inferior conjunction on the 27th. Realistically, the closest planet to the Sun cannot be seen in November.

After this planet’s inferior conjunction on October 26th, Venus reappears as ‘Phosphorus’, the ‘Morning Star’. A beautiful resplendent object, Venus, which is so bright, that it can cast a shadow! In order to see the shadow cast by Venus, you need a sheet of paper, and away from sheet lights; hold your finger up against Venus with the white paper behind, and you will see the shadow of your finger on the paper cast by Venusian light. At the end of the month, Venus rises 4 hours before the Sun, a situation which remains the same right to the end of the year.

Mars remains the brightest star-like object in the evening sky, in the southern quadrant of the heavens at nightfall, setting just before astronomical midnight throughout the month. Although it is fading due to the increasing distance between this planet and the Earth, the motion of Mars is direct (moving eastwards) as it begins to gain altitude on the celestial sphere, moving from Capricornus into Aquarius. On the 15th the first quarter Moon may be seen approaching Mars, when at 22h00 Mars lies 4° above and to the left of the ‘Half Moon’. The colour contrast between the two objects is quite noticeable. By the end of the month Mars is at visual magnitude -0.04; it presents a gibbous phase towards Earth, and has an angular diameter of 9.3 seconds of arc. On November 30th the planet lies just over one astronomical unit from Earth (1 A.U. = Sun/Earth mean distance).

Jupiter is too near to the Sun to be observed during November. The planet comes into conjunction with the Sun on the 26th, to reappear as a morning object in December.

Because of its low altitude, Saturn, in the constellation of Sagittarius, can be seen for only a brief period of time, within 10° of the SSW horizon, in the early evening. At the start of November it sets 3 hours after the Sun, reducing to 2 hours at the month’s end. On the evening of the 11th at 18h00, Saturn and the Moon are in conjunction and may be spotted in the SW. The angular distance between the two at that time is just less than one degree, Saturn lying to the lower right of the waxing crescent Moon with its night hemisphere reflecting Earthshine.

Uranus, which was at opposition last month is visible most of the night on the Aries/Pisces border. For an accurate position of Uranus go to the Remote Planets page accessible from the Menu above. Although the planet’s magnitude is +5.7, and is theoretically visible to the unaided eye, it is far better to locate it using binoculars or a small telescope. Through a telescope the planet presents a tiny greenish-blue disc 3.7 seconds of arc in diameter.

Neptune lies in the constellation of Aquarius with a visual magnitude of 7.9 and so requires binoculars or a telscope. With adequate magnification, it is possible to see this distant world as a tiny bluish grey disc. The angular diameter of the planet is just 2.3 seconds of arc. By the end of November, Neptune sets at astronomical midnight.

Again, in order to locate Neptune, you are encouraged to visit the ‘Remote Planet’ page via the Menu.

There are two interesting meteor showers this month, the first of these is the Taurid meteor shower consisting of slow moving shooting stars associated with Encke’s comet and peaking overnight on the 5th/6thand again overnight on the 12th to the 13th.

Conditions are favourable this year except for the unpredictable weather and fireworks around the 5th. The Taurid shower is noted for producing bright slow moving events.

The Leonid shower peaks on the 18th at 01h, and so will be best seen in the hours before dawn on the 18th. Conditions are favourable. Expect to see about 20 meteors an hour. The next Leonid ‘storm’ is due to take place towards the end of the 2020’s.
The parent body of this shower is comet Temple-Tuttle, which visits the earth about every 33 years.

Constellations visible in the south around midnight, mid-month, are as follows: Eridanus, and the Pleiades in Taurus. Perseus is at the zenith embedded in a rich star field – take a look through binoculars and see!

All times are GMT 1° is one finger width at arm’s length.

 

 

The phenomena of the month : NOVEMBER 2018

SUMMARY

Times are given in UT for SCARBOROUGH (0° 25' 5" W, 54° 16' 30" N, zone 0 UT).

Date Hour Description of the phenomenon
yyyy mm dd hh:mm

2018 11 01  12:11   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 01  13:54   Minimum of the variable star beta Lyrae

2018 11 02  04:49   Close encounter between the Moon and Regulus (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 1.5°)

2018 11 03  00:48   Maximum of the variable star eta Aquilae

2018 11 03  09:59   Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei

2018 11 03  21:10   Comet 64P Swift-Gehrels at its perihelion (dist. to the Sun = 1.393 AU; magn. = 11.1)

2018 11 04  09:00   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 06  18:00   GREATEST EASTERN ELONGATION of Mercury (23.2°)

2018 11 07  05:49   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 07  16:02   NEW MOON

2018 11 08  18:47   Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei

2018 11 09  06:58   Maximum of the variable star zeta Gemini

2018 11 09  12:15   Close encounter between Mercury and Antares (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 1.8°)

2018 11 10  02:38   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 10  05:02   Maximum of the variable star eta Aquilae

2018 11 10  23:47   Comet 38P Stephan-Oterma at its perihelion (dist. to the Sun = 1.588 AU; magn. = 9.2)

2018 11 12  12:36   Meteor shower : N. Taurids (5 meteors/hour at zenith; duration = 51.0 days)

2018 11 12  18:56   Close encounter between the Moon and Pluto (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 0.1°)

2018 11 12  23:27   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 14  03:35   Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei

2018 11 14  12:28   Minimum of the variable star beta Lyrae

2018 11 14  15:57   Moon at apogee (geocentric dist. = 404339 km)

2018 11 15  14:54   FIRST QUARTER OF THE MOON

2018 11 15  20:16   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 17  09:18   Maximum of the variable star eta Aquilae

2018 11 17  18:11   Meteor shower : Leonids (15 meteors/hour at zenith; duration = 24.0 days)

2018 11 17  21:29   Opposition of the asteroid 3 Juno with the Sun (dist. to the Sun = 1.983 AU; magn. = 7.4)

2018 11 18  17:04   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 19  10:33   Maximum of the variable star zeta Gemini

2018 11 19  12:22   Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei

2018 11 20  23:59   Close encounter between the Moon and Uranus (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 5.1°)

2018 11 21  13:53   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 21  18:43   Meteor shower : Alpha Monocerotids (duration = 10.0 days)

2018 11 21  20:53   Beginning of occultation of 87-mu Cet (magn. = 4.27)

2018 11 21  22:02   End of occultation of 87-mu Cet (magn. = 4.27)

2018 11 22  09:24   Opposition of the asteroid 12 Victoria with the Sun (dist. to the Sun = 2.447 AU; magn. = 10.1)

2018 11 23  05:39   FULL MOON

2018 11 23  20:18   Close encounter between the Moon and Aldebaran (topocentric dist. centre to centre = 0.9°)

2018 11 24  10:42   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 24  13:33   Maximum of the variable star eta Aquilae

2018 11 24  21:10   Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei

2018 11 25  05:12   Beginning of occultation of 54-chi1 Ori (magn. = 4.39)

2018 11 25  06:14   End of occultation of 54-chi1 Ori (magn. = 4.39)

2018 11 26  06:34   CONJUNCTION between Jupiter and the Sun (geoc. dist. centre to centre = 0.7°)

2018 11 26  12:10   Moon at perigee (geocentric dist. = 366620 km)

2018 11 27  03:45   Beginning of occultation of 85 Gem (magn. = 5.38)

2018 11 27  04:14   End of occultation of 85 Gem (magn. = 5.38)

2018 11 27  07:31   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 27  09:15   INFERIOR CONJUNCTION of Mercury with the Sun (geoc. dist. centre to centre = 0.9°)

2018 11 27  11:04   Minimum of the variable star beta Lyrae

2018 11 27  22:05   Beginning of occultation of 47-delta Cnc, Asellus Australis, (magn. = 3.94)

2018 11 27  22:27   End of occultation of 47-delta Cnc, Asellus Australis, (magn. = 3.94)

2018 11 29  09:00   Mercury at its perihelion (distance to the Sun = 0.30749 AU)

2018 11 29  14:07   Maximum of the variable star zeta Gemini

2018 11 30  00:19   LAST QUARTER OF THE MOON

2018 11 30  02:25   Beginning of occultation of 53 Leo (magn. = 5.32)

2018 11 30  03:28   End of occultation of 53 Leo (magn. = 5.32)

2018 11 30  04:20   Minimum of the variable star Algol (beta Persei)

2018 11 30  05:58   Maximum of the variable star delta Cephei

2018 11 30  12:00   VENUS at maximum brightness (magn. -4.69)

 

Generated using COELIX software

The best LUNAR OCCULTATIONS visible from SCARBOROUGH and district. NOVEMBER, 2018

Generated using 'COELIX APEX' Software