POEM by Manilius (first century B.C.) and translated by Thomas Creech and published in 1670
"Now Constellations, Muse, and signs rehearse, Signs of the Zodiac
In order, let them sparkle in thy verse. and star groups.
Those which obliquely round the burning Zone,
And bear the Summer and the Winter Sun,
Those first: then those which roll a different way
From West: nor Heaven's Diurnal whirl obey:
Which Nights serene disclose, and which create
The steady Rules, and fix the Laws of Fate.
First Aries, glorious in his Golden Wool, Aries
Looks back and wonders at the mighty Bull, Taurus
Whose back-parts first appear: He bending lies
With Threat'ning Head, and calls the Twins to rise, Gemini
They clasp for fear , and mutually embrace;
And next (to) the Twins with an unsteady pace
Bright Cancer rolls: then Leo shakes his mane: Cancer, Leo
And following Virgo calms his rage again: Virgo
Then Day and Night weigh'd in Libra's Scales, Libra
Equal awhile, at last the Night prevails,
And longer grown the heavier scale inclines
And draws bright Scorpio from the Winter signs: Scorpius
Him Centaur follows with an aiming Eye Sagittarius
His Bow full drawn and ready to let fly:
Next narrow Horns the twisted Caper shows, Capricornus. the sea-goat
And from Aquarius' Urn a Flood o'erflows. Aquarius
Near their loved Waves cold Pisces take their seat, Pisces
With Aries join and make the round complete. Aries
Now view the point where turn the shining Bears, Ursa Major and
And from their height look down on other Stars. Ursa Minor
Which never set but only change their sites
To the same point; and whirl the meaner Lights;
Thither the Axis runs, whose adverse Poles Poles
Bears the pois'd World, and Heaven about it rolls;
No solid substance that the weight might bear
But an imagined Line stretch'd through the Air;
Begun from either Pole the Line extends
Earth's Centre through and in the other ends.
For since the frame turns round, that fancied Line
Which cuts the middle, too minutely thin
By turning round itself to measure space,
But still confined to one imagin'd place,
Is called the Axis; cause unapt to move Axis
It sees Stars whirl, the shining Planets rove,
And swiftly measure the vast space above.
First next the Pole appear those friendly Stars
Well known to wretched greedy Mariners;
Which guide their Sails, and which direct their Oars,
When mad for gain they fly to foreign Shores.
(While Heaven itself befriends their Avarice,
What pleas may wretched Mortals make for Vice?)
Seven equal Stars adorn the greater Bear,
larger Circles of the Sphere,
And teach the Grecian Sailors how to steer.
The smaller Bear, though less in size and light Little Bear (Ursa Minor)
In narrower Circles she commands the Night.
Yet Tyre prefers, for though the Ocean toss'd,
They sail by her and find the foreign Coast;
These stand not front to front, but each dothe view
The other's Tail, pursu'd as they pursue.
Betwixt and round these two the Dragon twines, Draco,
At once divides, and to their place confines;
Secure from meeting they're distinctly roll'd,
Nor leave their seats, and pass the dreadful fold:
These keep the Vertex, but betwixt the Bear
And shining Zodiac where the Planets err,
A thousand Figur'd Constellations roll,
Some near the Zodiac, some placed near the Pole:
Whose differing Powers by tenpering Skies combined
Make Seasons fruitful, and refresh Mankind.
First near the North, as conscious of his Shame Hercules
A Constellation kneels without a Name;
And next Bootes comes, whose ordered Beams Bootes, the Herdsman
Present a Figure driving of his teams.
Below his Girdle, near his Knees, He bears
The bright Arcturus, fairest of the Stars. Arcturus
Behind his Back the radiant Crown is viewed, The Crown
And shines with Stars of different magnitude; (Corona Borealis)
One placed i'th' front above the rest displays Gemma (Alphecca)
A vigorous light, and darts surprising rays.
This shone since Theseus first his faith betrayed,
The Monument of the forsaken Maid.
Not far from these distended Lyra lies, Lyra, the Lyre
Well strung, the sounding glory of the Skies.
This Orpheus struck when with his wondrous Song
He charmed the Woods, and drew the Rocks along;
When Hell obeyed, when Death resigned her Chain,
And loosed his dear Eurydice again;
This gained it Heaven, and still its force appears,
As then the Rocks it now draws on the Stars.
The Planets dance, and to the tuneful Sound
The Heaven consents, and moves the fateful Round.
Next (to) Ophiuchus strides the mighty Snake, Ophiuchus, the Serpent-bearer
Untwists his winding Folds, and smooths his Back, and Serpens, the Serpent
Extends its Bulk, and o'er the slippery Scale
His wide stretched hands on either side prevail:
The Snake turns back his head and seems to rage,
That war must last where equal Powers engage.
Next view the Swan, whom Jove advanced above, Cygnus, the Swan
That Form's reward by which he caught his Love.
When shrouded in the fair deceiptful shape,
He cheated trusting Leda to a Rape:
Now graced with stars his Wings stretched o'er the Skies.
And next the Swan, the shining arrow flies; Sagitta, the Arrow
The Tow'ring Eagle next doth boldly soar, Aquila, the Eagle
As if the Thunder in his Claws he bore;
He's worthy Jove, since He, a bird supplies
The Heaven with sacred Bolts, and arms the Skies.
Next, raised from Seas the Dolphin's tail appears, Delphinus, the Dolphin
The Glory of the Flood and of the Stars.
Whom while the Horse (one radiant Star doth grace Pegasus, the Winged Horse
His generous Breast) pursues with eager pace, Scheat (the star)
His Legs before, as running, He extends,
But closed in fair Andromeda he ends, Andromeda
Five splendid Stars in its unequal frame,
Deltoton bears, and from the shape, a name; Triagulum, the triangle
But those that grace the sides, dim light display
And yield unto the Basis brighter Ray.
Next with her Cepheus, Cassiopeia shines, Cepheus, Cassiopeia
Her posture sad, and mourns amongst the Signs;
She sees her daughter chained, the rolling Tide
The Monster spouts, and curses her old Pride: Cetus, the Whale
She fears that Perseus will inconstant prove, Perseus
And now in Heaven forget his former Love;
But He attends, and bears the Gorgon's Head, The star Algol
His Spoil, and witness of a coming aid. (the Gorgon's Head)
Near the bent Bull a feat the Driver claims, Auriga, the Charioteer
Whose skill conferred his Honour and his Names,
His Art great Jove admired, when first he drove
His rattling Car and fixed the Youth above."
Now near the Twins, behold Orion rise; Orion the Hunter
His arms extended measure half the skies:
His stride no less. Onward with steady pace
He treads the boundless realms of starry space,
On each broad shoulder a bright star displayed. Betelgeuse and Bellatrix
And three obliquely grace his hanging blade. Alnitak, Alnilan and Mintaka
In his vast Head, immersed in boundless sphere
Three stars less bright, but yet as great, he bears;
But farther off removed, their splendour's lost;
Thus grac'd and armed, he leads the starry Host.