SUNDAY, JULY 05, 2020. 




'When, as a child, I laughed and wept, time crept.

When, as a youth, I dreamt and talked, time walked.

When I became a full grown man, time ran.

When, older still, I daily grew, time flew.

Soon I shall find, on travelling on, time gone !

Some lines written on a clock in the Cathedral Church of Christ and The Blessed Virgin Mary, Chester, U.K.

The Moon, Mercury and Venus setting over Chat Moss, IRLAM, Greater Manchester, in twilight on May 24. Image courtesy of Kevin Bradshaw, @KDBraddy
Thanks Kevin! (click to enlarge if needs be.)

PLEASE NOTE : Because of the size of this FRONT PAGE, which resulted in the slow loading of the material on some machines; I have created another additional page. It is called 'FRONT PAGE continued' and can be reached using the MENU above.

You will find there, illustrations of Saturn and its fascinating moon ENCELADUS, thought to be a possible abode of life, as is Jupiter's satellite Europa (also to be seen on this additional page)

THE TWO QUADRANT CHARTS, updated monthly are now to be found on the supplementary FRONT PAGE also.

SKYNOTES are available. Use The MENU above to find the current month's SKYNOTES.

ASTEROIDAL OCCULTATIONS for THE CURRENT MONTH accessible via the Menu above (ASTEROIDAL EVENTS). Thanks For those Andrej !

VENUS, the "EVENING STAR", 'HESPERUS' to the Ancients reaches INFERIOR CONJUNCTION with the Sun on JUNE 03. Thereafter Venus moves into the morning sky as 'PHOSPHORUS'  the "MORNING STAR". However for the next month or so the planet will be difficult to spot in the bright morning twilight, and also because of its very low altitude (for northern observers).

There is a difficult DAYLIGHT LUNAR OCCULTATION of VENUS on JUNE 19. See the details and illustrations below.

REMOTE PLANETS. The paths of URANUS, NEPTUNE, and PLUTO, have been updated for 2020. 

POEM by Richard H Mann 'FRIENDS OF MINE' added to the ASTRONOMICAL POETRY page (see MENU above)



For information about suitable times to see the ISS, other satellites, and interesting objects, and to download the application if you wish, go to the following admirable site:



Date Brightness Start Highest point End Pass type
(mag) Time Alt. Az. Time Alt. Az. Time Alt. Az.
03 Jul -1.5 02:09:36 10° S 02:11:26 14° SE 02:13:16 10° ESE visible
05 Jul -2.4 02:09:37 12° SSW 02:12:02 24° SSE 02:14:50 10° E visible
06 Jul -2.1 01:23:14 16° S 01:24:18 19° SSE 01:26:43 10° ESE visible
07 Jul -1.7 00:36:47 14° SE 00:36:47 14° SE 00:38:22 10° ESE visible
07 Jul -3.1 02:09:42 11° SW 02:12:43 38° SSE 02:15:53 10° E visible
08 Jul -2.8 01:23:12 19° SSW 01:24:53 31° SSE 01:27:55 10° E visible
09 Jul -2.6 00:36:38 23° SSE 00:37:05 24° SSE 00:39:52 10° E visible
09 Jul -3.5 02:10:11 10° WSW 02:13:28 51° S 02:16:44 10° E visible
09 Jul -2.0 23:49:59 17° SE 23:49:59 17° SE 23:51:43 10° ESE visible
10 Jul -3.4 01:22:52 14° WSW 01:25:34 45° SSE 01:28:48 10° E visible
10 Jul -1.3 23:03:13 10° ESE 23:03:13 10° ESE 23:03:17 10° ESE visible
11 Jul -3.2 00:36:06 23° SW 00:37:41 38° SSE 00:40:50 10° E visible
11 Jul -3.7 02:10:53 10° W 02:14:12 55° S 02:17:30 10° ESE visible
11 Jul -3.0 23:49:07 28° S 23:49:49 30° SSE 23:52:49 10° E visible
12 Jul -3.7 01:22:57 10° WSW 01:26:16 54° S 01:29:34 10° E visible
12 Jul -2.6 23:01:36 23° SSE 23:01:58 24° SSE 23:04:44 10° E visible




Mercury and Venus in conjunction MAY 22 in evening twilight. Look to the left of Venus to spot the much fainter planet Mercury! Image is courtesy of Maurice Bradwell, of Crofton, Wakefield Thanks Maurice

WELCOME to JONVRAN.CO.UK, John's simple astronomy site where you will find information about what is happening in the night sky from the point of view of SCARBOROUGH in the United Kingdom, Latitude 54 deg. 17 minutes NORTH, Longitude 00 deg. 25 minutes WEST,(Situated on the East Coast, midway between LONDON and EDINBURGH, and also Mainland Britain); as well as what I hope are other interesting bits and pieces, of use to everyone. You can contact me using the form in the CONTACT area, should you wish to do so.


Historically, these 'Skynotes' are a direct cyber-descendent, of the paper skynotes I prepared, for many years, by hand, for members, at each meeting of the Scarborough Astronomical Society from the moment the Society began in 1976. In those days, I produced all the illustrations including the star charts by hand, but now, with the advent of excellent Astronomy software programs, I am able to use much better graphics, for which I thank the many programmers who have produced these wonderful software gems. In the CREDITS section you will find a list of these amazing sources that allow me to continue to produce my 'Skynotes', for the benefit of all.

 It does not seem that they have been produced continuously for 46 years, but as the latin inscription tells us: TEMPVS FVGIT ! (Time Flies!)

 There are quite a number of 'pages' in this new version of 'SKYNOTES'. They are listed in the MENU at the top of the page. My hope is that you find within them something of interest, and may I, here, express my gratitude to the many people who have already visited, this, my small contribution towards the popularisation of Astronomy, which has been my lifelong aim.

 I would also like to thank the various presenters, past and present, of BBC Radio York, for letting me have regular night sky slots since the Radio Station began, many moons ago. A 'thank you' also to the other local radio stations, who put up with me, particularly when I forget what I was talking about, having gone off at a 'tangent' (= digression). These include: Yorkshire Coast Radio and Radio Scarborough, BBC Radio Leeds, Radio 5 Live, and Radio 4. A special thanks to Trish,the producer and Paul Hudson for giving me a seasonal 'slot' on Paul's 'Weather Show', which is broadcast over a number of neighbouring local BBC radio stations. My thanks to you all

I reserve a special thank-you for two very special teachers I had when I was growing up. First, Miss M Walker (later Mrs Martin). I was in her class at Normanton Secondary Modern School, before transfering to The Grammar School at the age of 13. She gave me a small note nook in which to write about and draw events taking place in the night sky. This was the tiny 'seed' which was eventually to grow into these 'SkyNotes' . Secondly, I owe a huge debt of gratitude to the late Senior English Master, of Normanton Grammar School, Mr T Hewson, who made me stand up in class during 'English' on Tuesday afternoons, and read aloud several pages of Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift, despite the difficulties I had in reading words. Thanks to him, I can now read properly and he taught me the confidence, to be able to share my love of Astronomy with all to whom I am invited to speak, and to become a teacher myself.

It is my hope that you will enjoy these pages, and return here often to take what you will from this site, as the months change, the result of Earth's journey around the Sun. May you too, always follow safe paths, and have clear and unclouded skies, in all the many aspects of your life!

John Harper. B.Ed. (Honoris Causa), and alumnus of the University of Chester, T.Cert, School of Education, Victoria University of Manchester (Padgate College of Education, Warrington, Cheshire). F.R.A.S.



ABOUT ME:  'MOON MAGIC' --- A poem by Pamela Tennant (I learned this, as a junior school child, at the Church of England Primary School in Normanton, West Yorkshire, England.)


'One day when father and I had been to sell our sheep at Berwick Green

We reached the farmhouse late at night, a great Moon rising round and bright.

Her strange beams shead on all around, bewitched the trees and streams and ground

Changing the willows beyond the stacks, to little old men with crouching backs.

Today the Sun was shining plain, they all were pollard willows again

But at night, do you believe they're trees?

They're little old men with twisted knees!'


 My interest in Astronomy began as a child, when I saw the feature called 'The Man in the Moon', for the first time (so I am told!). Several years later my father bought me a book called 'The Starry Heavens' by Ellison Hawks F.R.A.S., followed a Christmas later by another book, 'Introducing Astronomy' by J.B Sidgewick F.R.A.S. With this book and a torch, I went out at night and looked at the starry skies to identify the constellations, and learned, with delight, the stories of these 'Star Patterns'. Then on Tuesday nights, around 7.30pm , after rushing through my Normanton Grammar School homework, I listened with great excitement to the serial dramatisation of Charles Chilton's novel ' 'Journey Into Space --Operation Luna!', Around the same time, on BBC's Children's Hour, there was the dramatisation of 'The Lost Planet' series of books, written by Angus McVicar, which told of an expedition to Hesikos, the peaceful planet, where the flowers known as 'Charity', bloomed in profusion. These two launched me, well and truly, towards the stars! My journey had begun

After being a member of the Batley and Spenborough Astronomical Society for a number of years, during the time I had my first teaching post at The Cathedral City High School in Wakefield (West Yorkshire), I started the school's Astronomical Society. Ten years later in 1975, I came to Scarborough, as Head of Religious Studies at Scalby School and founded SCARBOROUGH ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, because I discovered that there wasn't one; although later, I found that, in the past, the Scarborough Philosophical Society had an astronomy 'branch' for a while.

I am a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, a member the British Astronomical Association, and the Society for Popular Astronomy. These are the three main national astronomical societies. As a member of the Society for Popular Astronomy, I became the Director of the Occultation Observing Section, and introduced the observing and timing of asteroidal occultations. When I gave up that post, because of optical problems, I was honoured by the S.P.A. who made me a honorary life member. Now, as one of Pamela Tennant's 'little old men with twisted knees', I do my best to observe from my observatory in the 'back yard'.

Together with the members of Scarborough and Ryedale Astronomical Society, I try to give opportunities for people to look at the night sky when special events take place, beyond our atmosphere; and, of course, to produce these 'Skynotes' in the hope that they are of some use to those who like me, a long time ago,.... go out on clear nights to discover, as I did, the wonders of our night skies

In these ways I am able to say 'thank you' to my life long hobby of Astronomy, which has captivated me for so long!




JULY 04 at 22h UT Moon Phase: FULL MOON. FIRST QUARTER was on JUNE 28 at 08h 16 UT. FULL MOON is on JULY 05 at 04h 44 UT



Next chosen LUNAR OCCULTATION visible from Scarborough UK
JULY 04.

JULY 05 The SUN'S celestial position at 12h UT.
Astronomical Constellation : GEMINI, Astrological Sign: CANCER
The Crab. The Sun entered this Astrological Sign at 17h 44 UT on June 20.

JULY 04. Today's SOLAR PHOTOSPHERE image in visible light, courtesy of NASA.

REMEMBER ------- NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN unless you have the proper astronomical filters for the purpose, NOT the one often provided by the telescope manufacturer. IT IS SAFER TO PROJECT THE SUN'S IMAGE ONTO A SCREEN.

Never look through view finders at the sun. instead look at the shadow of the instrument on a card. When the shadow is as small as it can be, it is pointing towards the sun, and you will see the safe image of the Sun on the card. NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN------ IT CAN BLIND YOU !

Late May afternoon Moon with gulls,2020.
Imaged by:
@FeelBetter2day from SCARBOROUGH UK Thanks Linda!


The times when ALGOL (Beta Persei), the famous eclipsing variable star reaches its MINIMUM brightness may be found in the monthly SKYNOTES summary for each month. The star has a page dedicated to itself also, accessible via the MENU above.

ASTRONOMICAL EVENTS due this month may be found in the MONTHLY SKYNOTES,accessible via the MENU above, and on the supplementary 'FRONT PAGE', see above.


THE NEXT FULL MOON : MIDSUMMER FULL MOON of JULY 05, 2020. The Moon setting in the SOUTH SOUTH WEST at 02h Universal Time (SCARBOROUGH UK). A very slight PENUMBRAL ECLIPSE takes place with a penumbral magnitude of 0.35 at 04 30 UT, a very feeble affair, as the northern regions of the MOON just dip into the Earth's partial shadow! Visible in the Americas.

The angular diameter of the Planets compared in JULY 2020

SCARBOROUGH, SOUTH BAY, The Spa and the Grand Hotel.
Image courtesy of Faith Young. Thanks Faith.

The waxing gibbous Moon on MAY 05 , Imaged by:
@FeelBetter2day from SCARBOROUGH UK Thanks Linda!



JULY 05, 2020.

RISE: 04h 36

SET:  21h 36


17h 00m 17s 


RISE: 22h 15. SET: 04h 29.



JULY 05, 2020

LW:   22h 58 (SAT 04)

HW:  04h 50

LW:   11h 21   

HW:  17h 17

LW:   23h 43  


The images of SCARBOROUGH preceeding and following these tables are by kind peremission of people who live here, and who are justifiably proud of their seaside town on the Yorkshire Coast. 

SCARBOROUGH NORTH BAY, Alto-Cumulus clouds over the NORTH SEA. Image courtesy of @FeelBetter2day . Thanks Linda

JULY 05 at 00h Universal Time JUPITER and the GALILEAN SATELLITES. In this illustration, NORTH is up. The Satellites are numbered as follows : 1= IO, 2= EUROPA, 3= GANYMEDE, and 4= CALLISTO

TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN - DECEMBER 14, 2020. Totality occurs at the UT times indicated on the map. The limits of where the eclipse can be seen is marked. NB Only parts of SOUTH AMERICA get to see this eclipse !