The SUN is now in the astrological sign of TAURUS, the Bull. The ruling planet of this sign is VENUS (= APHRODITE)

SATURDAY, MAY 15, 2021.




'When, as a child, I laughed and wept, time crept.

When, as a youth, I dreamt and talked, time walked.

When I became a full grown man, time ran.

When, older still, I daily grew, time flew.

Soon I shall find, on travelling on, time gone.

O Christ! Wilt Thou have saved me then?


Some lines written on a clock in the Cathedral Church of Christ and The Blessed Virgin Mary, Chester, U.K. It is attached to the clock case in the north transept of the cathedral and was written by Henry Twells (1823 - 1900).



The clock of life is wound but once

And no man has the power

To tell just when the hands will stop

At late or early hour.

Now, is the only time you own,

Live, love, toil with a will.

Place no faith in "tomorrow" for

The clock may then be still.

John's SkyNotes

The MAY NIGHT SKY, 2021. The planetary positions shown are correct for the end of the month. This chart shows the whole sky.


 This is an educational site (I was, and am a teacher!), which is updated daily. I invite you to download any of the material you find here. Please feel free to download any of the content, which could be of use, or of interest to you. That is what this 'SKYNOTES' website is here for, after all! 


Welcome to jonvran.co.uk, John's simple astronomy site where you will find information about what is happening in the night sky from the point of view of Scarborough in the United kingdom, latitude 54 deg. 17 minutes north, longitude 00 deg. 25 minutes west,(situated on the east coast, midway between London and Edinburgh, and also mainland Britain); as well as what I hope are other interesting bits and pieces, of use to everyone.

Historically, these 'Skynotes' are a direct cyber-descendent, of the paper Sky notes I prepared, for many years, by hand, for members, at each meeting of the Scarborough Astronomical Society from the moment the Society began in February, 1976. In those days, I produced all the illustrations including the star charts by hand, but now, with the advent of excellent astronomy software programs, I am able to use much better graphics, for which I must thank the many programmers who have produced these wonderful software gems. In the credits section you will find a list of these amazing sources which allow me to continue to produce my 'Skynotes', for the benefit of all. It does not seem that they have been produced continuously for over 46 years, but as the Latin inscription reminds us: tempvs fvgit ! (time flies)!. There are many 'pages' in this different version of 'Skynotes'. These are listed in the MENU at the top of the page. My hope is that you find within them something of interest, and may I, here, express my gratitude to the many people who have already visited, this, my small contribution towards the popularisation of astronomy, which has been my lifelong aim and ambition.

I record here also a special 'Thank-you' for two very special teachers. First, Miss M Walker (later Mrs Martin). I was in her form at Normanton Secondary Modern school, before transferring to Normanton Grammar School at the age of 13. She gave me a small note nook in which to write about and draw events taking place in the night sky. This was to be the tiny 'seed' which would eventually grow into these 'Skynotes'. Secondly, I owe a huge debt of gratitude to the late Senior English Master, of Normanton Grammar School, Mr. T Hewson, who made me stand up in class during 'English' on Tuesday afternoons, and read aloud, to the class, several pages of Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift, despite the difficulties I had, at that time in reading words. Thanks to him, I can now read fluently; but more importantly, he taught me to have confidence, to be able to share my love of astronomy with all to whom I have been invited to speak; and ultimately to become a teacher myself.

 It is my hope that you will enjoy these pages, and return here often to take what you will from this site, as the months change, the result of Earth's journey around the sun.

May you too, always follow safe paths, and have clear and unclouded skies, in all the many aspects of your life!


Finally, I want to say a huge 'Thank You!' to friends, collegues and some of my ex students who provide me with excellent images which they have, very kindly, given me permission to use.

 The BLOG (About Me) bit is on a separate page. You can find it, if you are interested, via the MENU above!

The Moon in late March, 2021. Image by: @FeelBetter2day . Thanks Linda

PLEASE NOTE : Because of the size of this FRONT PAGE, which resulted in the slow loading of the material on some machines; I have created another additional page. It is called 'FRONT PAGE continued' and can be reached using the MENU above.

You will find there, illustrations of Saturn and its fascinating moon ENCELADUS, thought to be a possible abode of life, as is Jupiter's satellite Europa (also to be seen on this additional page)

SKYNOTES are available. Use The MENU above to find the current month's SKYNOTES.

ASTEROIDAL OCCULTATIONS for THE CURRENT MONTH accessible via the Menu above (ASTEROIDAL EVENTS). Thanks For those Andrej !

REMOTE PLANETS. The paths of URANUS, NEPTUNE, and PLUTO, have been updated for 2021. 

POEM by Richard H Mann 'FRIENDS OF MINE' added to the ASTRONOMICAL POETRY page (see MENU above)



For information about suitable times to see the ISS, other satellites, and interesting objects, and to download the application if you wish, go to the following admirable site:



The TIMES shown here are UNIVERSAL TIME.

Please remember that SUMMER TIME is now in force,  so you must  ADD ONE HOUR to the times given in this table.

Date Brightness Start Highest point End Pass type
(mag) Time Alt. Az. Time Alt. Az. Time Alt. Az.
14 May -3.7 00:51:32 22° WSW 00:53:29 54° S 00:56:48 10° ESE visible
14 May -3.0 02:26:56 10° W 02:29:58 31° SSW 02:33:00 10° SE visible
14 May -3.1 22:26:33 10° SW 22:29:35 32° SSE 22:32:38 10° E visible
15 May -3.7 00:02:46 10° WSW 00:06:05 55° S 00:09:24 10° E visible
15 May -3.3 01:39:27 10° W 01:42:38 38° SSW 01:45:48 10° SE visible
15 May -2.7 21:39:26 10° SSW 21:42:16 25° SSE 21:45:06 10° E visible
15 May -3.7 23:15:24 10° WSW 23:18:41 52° S 23:21:59 10° E visible
16 May -3.5 00:52:01 10° W 00:55:16 45° SSW 00:58:31 10° ESE visible
16 May -2.3 02:29:07 10° WSW 02:31:34 19° SSW 02:34:00 10° SSE visible
16 May -2.3 20:52:31 10° SSW 20:54:59 19° SSE 20:57:28 10° E visible
16 May -3.5 22:28:02 10° WSW 22:31:18 46° SSE 22:34:33 10° E visible
17 May -3.7 00:04:35 10° W 00:07:52 51° S 00:11:10 10° ESE visible
17 May -2.7 01:41:29 10° W 01:44:17 24° SSW 01:47:05 10° SSE visible
17 May -3.3 21:40:44 10° SW 21:43:55 39° SSE 21:47:06 10° E visible
17 May -3.7 23:17:09 10° W 23:20:28 54° S 23:22:53 17° ESE visible
18 May -2.4 00:53:56 10° W 00:55:46 24° WSW 00:55:46 24° WSW visible
18 May -3.0 20:53:31 10° SW 20:56:33 32° SSE 20:59:36 10° E visible
18 May -3.7 22:29:45 10° WSW 22:33:03 55° S 22:36:22 10° E visible
19 May -3.2 00:06:26 10° W 00:09:22 37° SSW 00:09:22 37° SSW visible
19 May -3.6 21:42:21 10° WSW 21:45:38 52° S 21:48:56 10° E visible
19 May -3.5 23:18:58 10° W 23:22:13 45° SSW 23:23:11 34° SSE visible
20 May -1.2 00:56:05 10° WSW 00:56:07 10° WSW 00:56:07 10° WSW visible
20 May -3.4 20:54:59 10° WSW 20:58:14 46° SSE 21:01:30 10° E visible
20 May -3.6 22:31:31 10° W 22:34:49 51° S 22:37:06 18° ESE visible
21 May -2.1 00:08:25 10° W 00:10:01 20° WSW 00:10:01 20° WSW visible
21 May -3.6 21:44:05 10° W 21:47:24 54° S 21:50:42 10° ESE visible
21 May -2.9 23:20:51 10° W 23:23:53 31° SSW 23:23:58 31° SSW visible
22 May -3.6 20:56:39 10° WSW 20:59:58 55° S 21:03:17 10° E visible
22 May -3.2 22:33:21 10° W 22:36:31 38° SSW 22:37:57 25° SSE visible
23 May -3.4 21:45:52 10° W 21:49:07 45° SSW 21:51:57 13° ESE visible
23 May -2.0 23:22:59 10° WSW 23:24:53 18° SW 23:24:53 18° SW visible

MAY 14 at 21h UT.... WAXING CRESCENT. NEW MOON was on MAY 11 at 19h 00 UT. FIRST QUARTER MOON is on MAY 19 at 19h 13 UT. FULL(PERIGEE) MOON is on MAY 26 at 11h 14 UT.



MAY 15: The SUN'S celestial positions, as seen from Earth, at 12h UT.
Astronomical Constellation : TAURUS.
Astrological Sign: TAURUS. On APRIL 19, at 20h 33 UT the SUN entered the astrological sign of TAURUS, the Bull.

MAY 14 Today's SOLAR PHOTOSPHERE image in visible light, courtesy of NASA.


REMEMBER ------- NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN unless you have the proper astronomical filters for the purpose, NOT the one often provided by the telescope manufacturer. IT IS SAFER TO PROJECT THE SUN'S IMAGE ONTO A SCREEN.

Never look through view finders at the sun. instead look at the shadow of the instrument on a card. When the shadow is as small as it can be, it is pointing towards the sun, and you will see the safe image of the Sun on the card. NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN------ IT CAN BLIND YOU !

The PLEIADES and MARS in conjunction, FEBRUARY 28, 2021. Imaged by Wakefield Astronomer Maurice Bradwell. Notice the contrasting colours of the hot blue stars and the 'Red Planet'.
You can see also that Maurice has captured the brightest areas of
the Pleiades nebulosity, especially in the vicinity of the star Merope
Thanks Maurice



The times when ALGOL (Beta Persei), the famous eclipsing variable star reaches its MINIMUM brightness may be found in the monthly SKYNOTES summary for each month. The star has a page dedicated to itself also, accessible via the MENU above.

ASTRONOMICAL EVENTS due this month may be found in the MONTHLY SKYNOTES, accessible via the MENU above.


THE MAY FULL MOON low in the South at astronomical midnight, in LIBRA : The moment of FULL MOON is MAY 26 at 11h 14 UT

The angular diameter of the Planets compared, in MAY, 2021

SCARBOROUGH, SOUTH BAY, MAY, 2021. Image courtesy of Faith Young @FaithYoungWriter.
Thanks Faith.



MAY 15, 2021.

RISE: 04h 56 SET: 20h 59


16h 02m 45s

(The INCREASE is by 03m 24s)



RISE: 06h 54   SET: 00h 05



MAY 15, 2O21


LW:   00h 53 

HW:  07h 01

LW:   13h 14

HW:  19h 23 


The images of SCARBOROUGH preceeding and following these tables are by kind permission of people who live here, and who are justifiably proud of their seaside town on the Yorkshire Coast. 

SCARBOROUGH, NORTH BAY, Sunset in MAY , 2021. Image courtesy of @FeelBetter2day . Thanks Linda

MAY, 2021 JUPITER and the GALILEAN SATELLITES. The Date is at the side. The horizontal line shows the positions of the satellites at 00h Universal Time. Interpolate to find the arrangement at other times in the day. Chart courtesy of CoelixApex Software.
Plese note: in this chart SOUTH is at the top , NORTH is at the bottom.

ANNULAR ECLIPSE OF THE SUN - JUNE 10, 2021. Annularity occurs at the UT times indicated on the map. The limits of where the eclipse can be seen is marked. NB - A partial eclipse is visible from the UK !The 'layers' in the 'Eclipse Zone' on the map show the percentage of Sun covered by the Moon. Each segment is a 10% increase, starting at the edge (10%) and finishing at the centre at Annularity (100% MOON on SUN) .
Future solar and lunar eclipses for UK, may be found using the MENU above.

PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN - JUNE 10, 2021. This diagram shows the maximum extent of partiality as may be seen from here, occuring at 10h 18 UT(11h 18 BST) at SCARBOROUGH UK. Partiality begins at 09h 10 UT (10h 10 BST), and ends at 11h 30 UT (12h 30 BST)
(Remember, never to look at the Sun directly, as this could blind you; instead peoject its image onto a screen !)

The AURORA BOREALIS imaged in February, a few years ago, by Nicole Natasha Laura Marie. A beautiful picture, Many thanks Nicole!
Notice that some stars of the constellations of Andromeda, Cassiopeia and Cepheus are clearly visible, in this image.


ALGEIBA (gamma Leonis) m(v)combined is: +1.98. One of the finest double stars on show during Spring evenings in the constellation LEO. It lies 90 Light Years distant. Consisting of two golden yellow stars, the two components are of visual magnitude +2.22 (spectral type: K0 III, and +3.47 Sp T: G7 III. The separation here is 4.35 seconds of arc in Position Angle 124 degrees. In reality the stars are thought to be 125 aU apart (=1.5 X the diameter of our Solar System.). The period of revolution is between 600 and 700 years.